3D Modeling Laser Scanning Lidar Research safety Surveying

Image Aided Lidar Extraction and Classification

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The documentation of roadway factors (such as roadway geometry, lane marking retroreflectivity/classification, and lane width) through the inventory of lane markings can reduce accidents and facilitate road safety analyses. Considering the complementary characteristics of camera and LiDAR units, an image aided LiDAR extraction framework would be highly advantageous for lane marking inventory.

From research by Yi-Ting Cheng, et al.

Typically, lane marking inventory is established using either imagery or Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) data collected by mobile mapping systems (MMS). However, it is important to consider the strengths and weaknesses of both camera and LiDAR units when establishing lane marking inventory.

Images may be susceptible to weather and lighting conditions, and lane marking might be obstructed by neighboring traffic. They also lack 3D and intensity information, although color information is available.

On the other hand, LiDAR data are not affected by adverse weather and lighting conditions, and they have minimal occlusions. Moreover, LiDAR data provide 3D and intensity information.

Considering the complementary characteristics of camera and LiDAR units, an image aided LiDAR framework would be highly advantageous for lane marking inventory. In this context, an image-aided LiDAR framework means that the lane markings generated from one modality (i.e., either an image or LiDAR) are enhanced by those derived from the other one (i.e., either imagery or LiDAR). In addition, a reporting mechanism that can handle multi-modal datasets from different MMS sensors is necessary for the visualization of inventory results.

This study proposes an image-aided LiDAR lane marking inventory framework that can handle up to five lanes per driving direction, as well as multiple imaging and LiDAR sensors onboard an MMS. The framework utilizes lane markings extracted from images to improve LiDAR-based extraction. Thereafter, intensity profiles and lane width estimates can be derived using the image-aided LiDAR lane markings. Finally, imagery/LiDAR data, intensity profiles, and lane width estimates can be visualized through a web portal that has been developed in this study.

For the performance evaluation of the proposed framework, lane markings obtained through LiDAR-based, image-based, and image-aided LiDAR approaches are compared against manually established ones. The evaluation demonstrates that the proposed framework effectively compensates for the omission errors in the LiDAR-based extraction, as evidenced by an increase in the recall from 87.6% to 91.6%.

For the complete paper on image aided lidar extraction CLICK HERE.

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